2.The Significance of Uṣūl al-fiqh in Islamic Jurisprudence: Exploring the Contributions of Ash-shāfi'ī, ibn taymīyah, and ibn al-qayyim
This paper delved into the crucial field of Uṣūl Al-fiqh, the science of Islamic jurisprudential methodology, to underscore its enduring importance in Islamic jurisprudence. It examines the contributions of three eminent scholars - Ash-Shāfi’ī, Ibn Taymīyah, and Ibn Al-Qayyim - to this science, each offering unique perspectives and approaches. Ash-Shāfi’ī, known for his methodical approach, emphasized the preservation of the prophetic tradition (Sunnah) and consensus (Ijmā’) as primary sources of law. His work, "Ar-Risālah," reflects a commitment to structured legal reasoning, manifesting a traditionalist stance deeply rooted in established legal traditions. In contrast, Ibn Taymīyah, adopting a more reformist approach, challenged blind imitation (Taqlīd) and advocated for a return to the Quran and Ḥadīth as primary sources of law. He championed independent reasoning (Ijtihād) and critiqued excessive Taqlīd, sparking a paradigm shift in Uṣūl Al-fiqh. Ibn Al-Qayyim, a distinguished scholar and Ibn Taymīyah's student, brought a holistic and ethical orientation to Uṣūl Al-fiqh. He integrated spiritual and ethical dimensions, emphasizing that legal decisions should be grounded in a profound understanding of Islamic morality. His contributions extended to the development of Maqāsid Ash-Sharī’ah (objectives of Islamic law), emphasizing justice, welfare, and compassion. By examining these distinct approaches, we gain insight into the dynamic nature of Uṣūl Al-fiqh and its adaptability to evolving contexts. Traditionalism, reformism, and holistic ethics offer valuable insights to address contemporary legal and ethical dilemmas while remaining faithful to foundational Islamic principles. In a world marked by diverse challenges, the enduring significance of Uṣūl Al-fiqh and its relevance in shaping contemporary jurisprudence is undeniable. This study contributes to the ongoing discourse surrounding the role of Uṣūl Al-fiqh and underscores the richness and diversity within Islamic jurisprudential thought. It also highlights the enduring legacy of these scholars and their contributions in guiding the development of Islamic law in both traditional and modern contexts.