Al-Bukhari Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies <p><strong>Al-Bukhari Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies</strong> is an international peer-reviewed, open access and academic journal covering all the areas of Arabic and Islamic Studies.</p> <p>The journal aims at promoting academic research activities in Arabic and Islamic Studies through publication under the aegis of the School of Arabic and Islamic Studies, B.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, India.</p> en-US (Dr. A. Abdul Hai Hasani Nadwi,) (Dr. A. Abdul Hai Hasani Nadwi) Sat, 06 Jan 2024 13:58:06 +0000 OJS 60 1. Contributions of Muslims To Peace Building in Tamil Nadu <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This paper tends to unfold the rich heritage of the Muslim society in Tamil Nadu and the immense contributions offered to the state by this society ultimately aiming to build peaceful coexistence among the people of Tamil Nadu. Our country India holds unity through diversities of many kinds, the state of Tamil Nadu exhibits this motto in many ways especially the Muslims of this state have their origin and originality both imbibed within this state where we come to know that the people of Tamil Nadu have accepted the religion of Islam and they continue to be Tamil people in their culture and Muslims by religion. The cause for embracing Islam was the trade contact which was strong between the Arabs and Tamil people even before the Prophethood of Muhammed (s). Throughout the ages the Muslims began to multiply and started to cover almost most of the southern part of Tamil Nadu. The religion did not stop them from their ethnicity, instead, the pluralistic mindset of the Tamil people brought more gain in knowledge and other aspects through the contributions which were made by the Muslims of this land. There came many Muslim Tamil scholars who played their role in contributing huge number of books to Tamil literature, many philanthropists contributed to build educational institutions and many ‘Darghas’ were also built to maintain peace and harmony which also promoted spiritual healing in the Tamil people.These contributions are explored in this research work to disclose the higher intentions of the Muslims of Tamil Nadu to live with the people of their own land in peace and Harmony.</p> Dr. A. Jahir Husain Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Bukhari Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies Sat, 06 Jan 2024 06:15:24 +0000 2.The Significance of Uṣūl al-fiqh in Islamic Jurisprudence: Exploring the Contributions of Ash-shāfi'ī, ibn taymīyah, and ibn al-qayyim <p>This paper delved into the crucial field of <em>Uṣūl Al-fiqh</em>, the science of Islamic jurisprudential methodology, to underscore its enduring importance in Islamic jurisprudence. It examines the contributions of three eminent scholars - <em>Ash-Shāfi’ī</em>, <em>Ibn Taymīyah</em>, and <em>Ibn Al-Qayyim</em> - to this science, each offering unique perspectives and approaches. <em>Ash-Shāfi’ī</em>, known for his methodical approach, emphasized the preservation of the prophetic tradition (<em>Sunnah</em>) and consensus (<em>Ijmā</em>’) as primary sources of law. His work, "<em>Ar-Risālah</em>," reflects a commitment to structured legal reasoning, manifesting a traditionalist stance deeply rooted in established legal traditions. In contrast, <em>Ibn Taymīyah</em>, adopting a more reformist approach, challenged blind imitation (<em>Taqlīd</em>) and advocated for a return to the Quran and <em>Ḥadīth</em> as primary sources of law. He championed independent reasoning (<em>Ijtihād</em>) and critiqued excessive <em>Taqlīd</em>, sparking a paradigm shift in <em>Uṣūl Al-fiqh</em>. <em>Ibn Al-Qayyim</em>, a distinguished scholar and <em>Ibn Taymīyah's</em> student, brought a holistic and ethical orientation to <em>Uṣūl Al-fiqh</em>. He integrated spiritual and ethical dimensions, emphasizing that legal decisions should be grounded in a profound understanding of Islamic morality. His contributions extended to the development of <em>Maqāsid Ash-Sharī’ah</em> (objectives of Islamic law), emphasizing justice, welfare, and compassion. By examining these distinct approaches, we gain insight into the dynamic nature of <em>Uṣūl Al-fiqh</em> and its adaptability to evolving contexts. Traditionalism, reformism, and holistic ethics offer valuable insights to address contemporary legal and ethical dilemmas while remaining faithful to foundational Islamic principles. In a world marked by diverse challenges, the enduring significance of <em>Uṣūl Al-fiqh</em> and its relevance in shaping contemporary jurisprudence is undeniable. This study contributes to the ongoing discourse surrounding the role of <em>Uṣūl Al-fiqh</em> and underscores the richness and diversity within Islamic jurisprudential thought. It also highlights the enduring legacy of these scholars and their contributions in guiding the development of Islamic law in both traditional and modern contexts.</p> Mr. Maasid Siddiq Mohiyuddin Ganai Copyright (c) 2024 Al-Bukhari Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies Sat, 06 Jan 2024 06:16:44 +0000 3. The Intellectual Journey of Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dahlavi: Tracing his Influences and Impact on Hadith Scholarship <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This research attempts to illuminate the intellectual odyssey of Sheikh Al-Muhaddith Abdul Haq Al-Dahlavi, a luminary of Islamic scholarship whose profound contributions have significantly enriched the realm of Hadith studies. The study meticulously traces the multifaceted influences that shaped Sheikh Abdul Haq's scholarly pursuits and assesses the enduring impact of his contributions on the field of Hadith scholarship.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">&nbsp;</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The research objectives are threefold: firstly, to comprehensively map the intellectual journey of Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dahlavi, contextualizing the socio-historical milieu in which he flourished; secondly, to analyse the key intellectual and scholarly influences that moulded his approach to Hadith studies; and thirdly, to evaluate the far-reaching implications of his work on the broader landscape of Islamic scholarship.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Employing a multidimensional research methodology, this study amalgamates qualitative analysis of primary texts, including Sheikh Abdul Haq's own writings and treatises, alongside a meticulous examination of secondary sources and scholarly discourse. Comparative analysis is employed to discern the points of convergence and departure between Sheikh Abdul Haq's methodologies and those of his contemporaries, thus highlighting his unique and lasting contributions.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The research reveals that Sheikh Abdul Haq's intellectual journey was shaped by a profound reverence for tradition coupled with a keen openness to critical inquiry. His scholarly influences encompassed a wide spectrum of disciplines, ranging from linguistics and jurisprudence to philosophy and theology. His nuanced approach to Hadith authentication, preservation, and interpretation demonstrates an astute synthesis of established methodologies and innovative insights.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The study concludes that Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dahlavi's legacy lies not only in his substantive contributions to the science of Hadith, but also in his capacity to harmonize tradition with contemporaneity. His emphasis on methodological rigor, preservation of the prophetic tradition, and adaptability to evolving intellectual paradigms underscore the enduring relevance of his scholarship. Furthermore, his influence is discernible in the trajectories of subsequent Hadith scholars, who draw inspiration from his eclectic yet disciplined approach.</span></p> Mr. Salman Faris T.C Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Bukhari Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies Sat, 06 Jan 2024 06:35:22 +0000 4. First Madrasah of Tamil Nadu: A Study <p>Madrasah Darul Uloom and al-Jamiah al-Aroosia al-Arabiyya are the early Islamic institutions established in Tamil Nadu in the seventeenth century. Al-Jamiah al-Aroosia has been functioning since its inception with the scope of disseminating the Islamic light to the Ummah without any intercession. This article shed light on this pioneer institution as a trendsetter of Islamic education on par with other institutions established during this period.</p> Dr. K.M.A. Ahamed Zubair Copyright (c) 2024 Al-Bukhari Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies Sat, 06 Jan 2024 06:44:54 +0000 5. Perceptions of Coexistence in Arabic Prose: Special Reference to the Holy Prophet’s Agreement of Hudaybiyyah <p>Prose is an inevitable part of literature. It stands apart from the poetic literature. Arabic prose literature consists of several parts. After the emergence of Islam, when the revelations from Allah (Wahiy) began to reveal upon the Prophet (PBUH), Arabic prose literature began to move towards another level. Especially Al-Qur'an and the Hathees of the Prophet (PBUH) have occupied a unique place in Arabic literature. This study takes issue with criticizing the propaganda that primary sources of Islam instill terrorism and extremism. But, the study affirms that it contains the qualities of coexistence and peace. This study tries to introduce the agreement of ‘Hudaybiyyah’ as an important document in Arabic prose, to disclose the contribution of Arabic literature in building perceptions of coexistence via a comprehensive approach. The methodology adopted is qualitative method. The primary and secondary data were collected through original sources and related books, scholarly works and data were analyzed. This study has concluded that the agreement of Hudaybiyyah represented an important event in the history, consisting many provisions related to war, peace, governing, agreements and treaties. The Messenger (PBUH), with his wisdom and skill, insisted on building peace and achieving coexistence. This study highlights this agreement as an important model and a wonderful example in the process of peace-keeping, mutual understanding and coexistence.</p> Mr. Mohamed Thalib Copyright (c) 2024 Al-Bukhari Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies Sat, 06 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 6. The Development of Arabic Poetry in Praise of the Prophet in India <p>This research paper aims to reveal the development of honorable prophetic praise in India. Many Indian poets have contributed in promoting the prophetic praise throughout the world, like the two venerable companions Hassan bin Thabit and Ka’b bin Zuhair, Imam Muhammad bin Saeed al-Busayri, and Imam Abu Bakr bin Muhammad al-Baghdadi, known as Ibn al-Rashid, (may God Almighty have mercy on them).</p> <p>Poets in India have achieved the highest level of sensitivity, tenderness of feeling, piety, humility, and politeness. These prominent poets presented their wonderful compositions. Many of their works resemble Arab works in style. The examples of prophetic praise contributed by the scholars of great Indian subcontinent remain alive till today.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The poets promoted creative concepts and ideas and came up with expressions that had never been done before. It is found in the books of history, biographies, and proselytizing poets of India who acquired the sweetness of Arabic language, and whose hearts overflowed with singing praises of the Messenger (PBUH). Their laudatory literary products are no less prestigious but prestigious than the words of Arab poets. This study aims to explore the Arabic poetry of Indian poets who praised the Prophet (s) throughout the ages of history.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Mr. Umar Faisal M, Dr. N.M. Ahamed Ibrahim Copyright (c) 2024 Al-Bukhari Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies Sat, 06 Jan 2024 06:59:31 +0000 7. Martyrdom of Aggrieved Caliph : A Descriptive Study <p>Hazrat Uthman (r) became the third caliph after the death of Umar (r). The historians call his martyr as the beginning of ‘First Fitna’ in the Islamic history. After his martyr, the days of reign of Ali (r) were the days of civil war in the Islamic nation. The last years of Uthman (r) were criticized by some historians and some others criticized the dealing of the next caliph Ali (r), how he dealt with the political dilemma after the martyr of the aggrieved leader of believers.</p> <p>This article had a descriptive study about the third caliph Uthman (r), aiming to trace out the political situation and reasons behind his martyr. The study explored and did find out that there were no hands of Ali bin Abi Talib (r) in the blood of Uthman(r), like some opportunist-historians opined. Some rebels against Uthman (r) created a kind of political quagmire, and Ali (r) subjugated them to an extent.</p> Mr. Abdul Kareem Hudawi , Dr. A. Abdul Hai Hasani Nadwi Copyright (c) 2024 Al-Bukhari Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies Sat, 06 Jan 2024 07:05:53 +0000 8.Disclosing the Contribution of Arabs for the Sri Lankan Economy: A Historical Approach <p>Sri Lanka, an island nation in the Indian Ocean, with a dual capital system and a rich 3,000-year history, played a key role in trade routes. It gained independence from British colonial rule in 1948 and became a republic in 1972. After a 30-year civil war ending in 2009, Sri Lanka has advanced in development and international affiliations, with a diverse population and significant Muslim representation. Sri Lanka's historical importance lies in the transoceanic East-West trade route, attracting early Arabian visitors. Arab arrivals in Sri Lanka predate European colonization; the Arabs didn't exploit resources but contributed to its enrichment, influencing the island's contemporary economic progress, with Middle Eastern nations playing a significant role.</p> <p>This study tries to document the historical presence and activities of Arabs in Sri Lanka across epochs, quantify their economic impact on trade and finance, and examine their cultural and socioeconomic influence, including contributions to cultural exchanges, religious diffusion, and improvements in infrastructure and living standards within Sri Lanka. The researcher used descriptive and analytical methods to complete this study. To meet the objectives of the study, the primary and secondary data were used with qualitative and quantitative approaches. This study highlights the enduring historical and contemporary ties between Islam in Sri Lanka and Arab merchants. It underscores their substantial contributions to both the island's culture and economy, emphasizing the significance of recognizing and nurturing these connections for mutual understanding and continued economic growth.</p> Mr. HLM. Mohideen Copyright (c) 2024 Al-Bukhari Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies Sat, 06 Jan 2024 07:08:27 +0000 9.The Noble values in the sermons of the Prophet Muhammad (s) <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Sermons delivered by the leaders and the scholars play a crucial role in the progress and prosperity of their societies and nations.&nbsp; Throughout the human history, impactful speeches have triggered significant transformations, such as John F. Kennedy's renowned address, "We choose to go to the moon," which played a pivotal role in persuading Americans to embark on a lunar mission. Similarly, Abul Kalam Azad's speech at the Jami Masjid in New Delhi is regarded as influential in convincing people to remain in India. Among the most virtuous sermons are those of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), considered the epitome of eloquence. His sermons played a vital role in educating and reforming the community, instilling noble values in their hearts. The Prophet's speeches shed light on human values and essential principles for success, development, and happiness, encompassing social, aesthetic, and economic values.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Prophet (s), in his sermons, emphasized noble values over fourteen centuries ago when the world was mired in darkness. At that time, the Arabs were burying girls in disgrace and shame, and widespread killing and bloodshed were prevalent. The speeches of Prophet (s) provided solutions to the problems faced by humanity. One of Prophet Muhammad's most significant speeches is his farewell address, delivered at ‘Arafat Ground’ in the presence of thousands of companions. In this farewell speech, he emphasized on equality, justice and unity, irrespective of their ethnic or social backgrounds. The Prophet (s) underscored the sanctity of human life and property, stressing that every individual's rights and dignity should be respected.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This research paper seeks to modestly shed light on the values contained in the Prophet's speeches, which serve as a beacon for people worldwide. In a world where noble principles are indispensable, this effort aims to contribute to the understanding and appreciation of the timeless wisdom encapsulated in the Prophet's sermons.</span></p> Dr. T. Ameen Ahmed Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Bukhari Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies Sat, 06 Jan 2024 10:05:52 +0000